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Affordable Care Act Update: Subsidy Certifications Explained

Certifications of Employee Eligibility for Subsidies

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires health insurance Exchanges to send a notice to employers regarding employees who purchase coverage through an Exchange and qualify for a health insurance subsidy. These notices are also called “Section 1411 Certifications” because the notice requirement is contained in Section 1411 of the ACA.

The Section 1411 Certification is part of the process established by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for verifying that only eligible individuals receive health insurance subsidies. Both state-run and federally facilitated Exchanges are required to send these certifications to employers. For 2015, it is expected that HHS will issue the certifications in batches, beginning in spring 2015.

These certifications are not directly related to the ACA’s shared responsibility rules for applicable large employers (ALEs). Starting in 2016, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) will contact ALEs to inform them of their potential liability for a shared responsibility penalty for 2015, and it will provide them with an opportunity to respond. Employers that receive certifications may appeal a subsidy determination to help ensure, as much as possible, that employees are not mistakenly receiving subsidies. Appealing subsidy determinations may also help limit an ALE’s potential liability for a shared responsibility penalty.

affected employers

The Exchanges are required to provide the certifications to all employers with employees who purchase coverage through an Exchange and qualify for a health insurance subsidy. This includes ALEs that are subject to the ACA’s shared responsibility rules and small employers that do not qualify as ALEs. Also, for efficiency reasons, Exchanges can either send the certifications on an employee-by-employee basis as subsidy determinations are made, or the Exchanges can send the certifications to employers for a group of employees.

health insurance subsidies

There are two federal health insurance subsidies available for coverage purchased through an Exchange—premium tax credits and cost-sharing reductions. Both of these subsidies vary in amount based on the taxpayer’s household income, and they both reduce the out-of-pocket costs of health insurance for the insured.

  • Premium tax credits are available for people with somewhat higher incomes (up to 400 percent of the federal poverty level), and they reduce out-of-pocket premium costs for the taxpayer.
  • Reduced cost-sharing is available for individuals who qualify to receive the premium tax credit and have lower incomes (up to 250 percent of the federal poverty level). Through cost-sharing reductions, these individuals have lower out-of-pocket costs at the point of service (for example, lower deductibles and copayments).

To be eligible for a health insurance subsidy, a taxpayer:

  • Must have a household income for the year between 100 percent and 400 percent of the federal poverty level for the taxpayer’s family size,
  • May not be claimed as a dependent of another taxpayer,
  • Must file a joint return if married,
  • Cannot be eligible for minimum essential coverage (Government or employer sponsored plan).

 

An employee who may enroll in an employer-sponsored plan, and individuals who may enroll in the plan because of a relationship with the employee, are generally considered eligible for minimum essential coverage if the plan is affordable and provides minimum value.

The requirements of affordability and minimum value do not apply if an employee actually enrolls in any employer-sponsored minimum essential coverage, including coverage provided through a cafeteria plan, a health FSA or an HRA, but only if the coverage does not consist solely of excepted benefits. Thus, if an employee enrolls in any employer-sponsored minimum essential coverage, the employee is ineligible for a subsidy.

section 1411 certification

The ACA directed HHS to establish a program for verifying whether an individual meets the eligibility standards for receiving an Exchange subsidy. As part of this verification process, an Exchange must notify the employer when it determines that an employee is eligible for subsidized coverage.

Final regulations issued by HHS on March 27, 2012, specify the content requirements for the Section 1411 Certifications.

Here is a key point:

Employees who are eligible for employer-sponsored coverage that is affordable and provides minimum value are not eligible for a subsidy. This is significant because the ACA’s shared responsibility penalty for ALEs is triggered when a full-time employee receives a subsidy for coverage under an Exchange. An employee who is not eligible for a subsidy may still be eligible to enroll in a health plan through an Exchange. However, this would not result in a shared responsibility penalty for the employer.

 

section 1411 certification

The ACA directed HHS to establish a program for verifying whether an individual meets the eligibility standards for receiving an Exchange subsidy. As part of this verification process, an Exchange must notify the employer when it determines that an employee is eligible for subsidized coverage.

Final regulations issued by HHS on March 27, 2012, specify the content requirements for the Section 1411 Certifications.

 

section 1411 certification

The ACA directed HHS to establish a program for verifying whether an individual meets the eligibility standards for receiving an Exchange subsidy. As part of this verification process, an Exchange must notify the employer when it determines that an employee is eligible for subsidized coverage.

Final regulations issued by HHS on March 27, 2012, specify the content requirements for the Section 1411 Certifications.

Section 1411 Certifications must: ·          Identify the employee;·          Provide that the employee has been determined to be eligible for advance payments of a health insurance subsidy;·          Indicate that, if the employer has 50 or more full-time employees, the employer may be liable for a penalty under Code Section 4980H; and

·          Describe the employer’s appeal rights.

appeal rights

When an employer receives a certification regarding an employee’s eligibility for an Exchange subsidy, the employer may appeal the determination to correct any information about the health coverage it offers to employees. The appeals process can help:

  • Minimize the employee’s potential liability to repay advance payments of the subsidy that he or she was not eligible to receive; and
  • Protect the employer from being incorrectly assessed with a tax penalty under the shared responsibility rules (if the employer is an ALE). If the appeal is successful and the employee does not receive an Exchange subsidy, the employee cannot trigger penalties for an ALE under the shared responsibility rules.

Final regulations issued by HHS on Aug. 30, 2013, established general parameters for the employer appeal process. A state-run Exchange may have its own appeals process or it may follow the federal appeals process established by HHS. In either case, the Exchange must:

  • Give employers at least 90 days from the date of the Exchange notice to request an appeal;
  • Allow employers to submit relevant information to support the appeal;
  • Not limit or interfere with an employer’s right to make an appeal request; and
  • Accept appeal requests made by telephone, by mail, via the Internet or in person (if the Exchange is capable of receiving in-person appeal requests) and provide assistance in making the appeal request if this assistance is needed.

The appeals entity must provide written notice of the appeal decision within 90 days of the date the appeal request is received, if administratively feasible.

 

Another key point:

HHS’ final regulations clarify that an appeals decision in favor of the employee’s eligibility for a subsidy does not foreclose any appeal rights the employer may have for a penalty assessment under Code Section 4980H. Thus, while ALEs that receive certifications may appeal a subsidy determination to help ensure, as much as possible, that employees are not mistakenly receiving subsidies, they are not required to appeal a subsidy determination to preserve their rights to appeal an IRS assessment of a penalty tax.

Also, employers may develop policies to allow an employee to enroll in employer-sponsored coverage outside an open enrollment period when the employee is determined to be ineligible for Exchange subsidies as a result of an employer appeal decision.

other employer considerations

To help avoid incorrect subsidy determinations, HHS encourages employers to educate their employees about the details of employer-sponsored health coverage. This includes information on whether their plans are affordable and provide minimum value. Employees enrolling in Exchange coverage will generally complete an Employer Coverage Tool that gathers information about the employers’ group health plans. HHS encourages employers to assist employees with their Exchange applications by providing information regarding the employer-sponsored coverage through the Employer Coverage Tool.

In addition, employers should remember that the ACA amended the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) to include whistleblower protections for employees. Employees are protected from retaliation for reporting alleged violations of the ACA. Employees are also protected from retaliation for receiving a subsidy when enrolling in an Exchange plan. If an employer violates the ACA’s whistleblower protections, it may be required to reinstate the employee, as well as provide back pay (with interest), compensatory damages and attorney fees.

As always, contact us at 877-936-3580 for more information on this, or any other aspect of employee benefits and the Affordable Care Act.

 

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High Deductible Plan Options: Bringing Consumerism and Cost-Savings to tthe Marketplace

CIBC of Illinois specializes in Group Benefit plans, and in order to best serve our clients, we also employ consultants that specialize in individual and family health insurance plans. In both of these areas, we continually get asked about high deductible plans because, in most cases, there is a significant cost advantage found in these types of plans. Hopefully this article will provide some basic information, and as always, please contact us for a detailed analysis.

Moving From a Standard Plan to an HDHP

There is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all health plan. Everyone has different health insurance needs depending on their health care requirements along with those of their dependents. While some prefer standard deductible health insurance (often called a PPO health insurance plan), people are increasingly switching to a High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP) with a Health Savings Account (HSA) as a better way to maximize their health care dollars.

Standard Plans vs. HDHPs

Standard plans and HDHPs are set up much in the same way. Under both plans, the member pays a premium for coverage. Both must cover preventive services free of charge. If a member receives nonpreventive medical care, he or she pays a deductible—a specified amount of money that the insured must pay before an insurance company will pay a claim. The chief difference between the plans is that under an HDHP, premium payments are considerably lower and the deductible is considerably higher.

The minimum deductibles for HDHPs are established by the IRS. For 2015, the minimum deductible is $1,300 for individuals and $2,600 for families. Comparatively, standard plans come with a deductible that is generally quite a bit lower.

The cost of the higher premiums for HDHP plans is offset by two factors. First, as previously mentioned, the premium price for an HDHP is much lower than standard plans. This means that members who use little or no medical care during the year can save hundreds of dollars that would otherwise go to unnecessary health coverage, while still remaining compliant with the individual mandate provision of the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

While some people prefer standard deductible health insurance, people are increasingly switching to an HDHP with an HSA as a better way to maximize their health care dollars.

The second major factor setting HDHPs apart from standard plans is the addition of an HSA.

Health Savings Accounts

HSAs are one of several types of tax-advantaged health accounts, and are exclusively available to people enrolled in an HSA-compliant HDHP.

With an HSA, the account holder or his or her employer (usually both) make contributions into a savings account. No taxes are deducted from money placed into the account, as the HSA contribution is withdrawn from a paycheck before taxes are assessed. While in the savings account, the money can earn interest. The employee is free to spend that money on qualified medical expenses.

The total amount that can be placed in an HSA per year is capped by the IRS. For 2015, the maximum contribution limit is $3,350 for individuals and $6,650 for families, though account holders over 55 years old may contribute an extra $1,000 to those totals.

These limits are significantly higher than other types of tax-advantaged health accounts, and unlike the other options, HSAs have additional unique features that allow you to save more money and keep it over a longer period of time. Whereas funds in health Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs) and Health Reimbursements Arrangements (HRAs) come with an expiration date or a maximum carry-over dollar amount, HSAs allow you to build your balance as high as you wish in perpetuity. Except for the cap on total contributions per year, there are no limits on how much money can be in your account and how long it remains open.

Additionally, HSAs are individually owned accounts, meaning employees take the account—including any employer contributions—with them if they leave their employer.

Using Health Care with an HDHP

Because of the high deductibles associated with HDHPs, having an HDHP means you need to become a smart health care shopper.

The most important thing to keep in mind is that some types of health care products and services cost much more than similar items, and the more expensive option may not be necessary for the treatment you require.

Additionally, like most other health plans, HDHPs cover preventive services at no cost. Preventive care is defined as medical checkups and tests, immunizations and counseling services used to prevent chronic illnesses from occurring. Preventive care not only keeps you healthy, but it can also monitor and even reduce the risk of developing future, costly health problems.

Most types of specific preventive services are listed here. While it can sometimes be difficult to determine if a specific medical service qualifies as preventive, you can call your health plan to learn if a service is considered preventive before receiving it.

Other medial savings strategies people with HDHPs should consider are:

  • Using a generic in place of a name brand prescription can result in significant savings. While there is not a generic version for every type of drug, the only difference between a branded drug and a generic counterpart is the name; they both have the same active ingredients. If you need medication, find out what class of drugs your prescription is classified under. If you receive a name brand prescription from a doctor, ask if a generic is available.
  • Emergency Room vs. Urgent Care.Like prescriptions, there is a sizable cost adjustment between emergency rooms and urgent care. It is very expensive for hospitals to support all of the equipment and staff that an emergency room requires, so visits to the emergency room generally cost much more than those to a doctor’s office or an urgent care center. If you develop a problem that needs to be treated quickly, but it is not life threatening or risking disability, go to an urgent care clinic.
  • Qualified Medical Expenses. Use your HSA to pay for qualified medical expenses without paying taxes. Qualified medical expenses include the costs of diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease, and the costs for treatments affecting any part or function of the body. These expenses include payments for medical services rendered by physicians, surgeons, dentists and other medical practitioners. They also include the costs of equipment, supplies and diagnostic devices needed for these purposes. Like preventive care, there can sometimes be uncertainty surrounding what is an allowable qualified medical expense. Specific qualified medical expenses are approved by the IRS, and a list of them can be found here.

HDHPs and HSAs are not the ideal health coverage plan for everyone. However, for many people, HDHPs are a great way to avoid paying for superfluous coverage and HSAs are an excellent vehicle for stockpiling tax-free money to use on future health care needs.

ACA Update: Feds Prohibit All Employer Reimbursement of Individual Premiums

Due to the rising costs of providing group health insurance, some employers have considered helping employees pay for individual health coverage instead of offering an employer-sponsored group plan. However, these employer reimbursement arrangements do not comply with Affordable Care Act (ACA) requirements.

On Nov. 6, 2014, the Departments of Labor (DOL), Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Treasury issued FAQs clarifying that all individual premium reimbursement arrangements are prohibited. Despite the previously widespread understanding that only pre-tax reimbursement arrangements are prohibited, the clarification includes pre-tax and post-tax premium reimbursements and cash compensation for individual premiums.

An employer arrangement that provides cash reimbursement for an individual market policy is considered to be part of a plan, fund or other arrangement established or maintained for the purpose of providing medical care to employees, without regard to whether the employer treats the money as pre-tax or post-tax for the employee. Therefore, the arrangement is group health plan coverage subject to the ACA’s market reform provisions.

In addition, the Nov. 6 FAQs clarify that an employer cannot offer a choice between enrollment in the standard group health plan or cash only to employees with a high claims risk. This practice constitutes unlawful discrimination based on one or more health factors, which violates federal nondiscrimination laws.

Violation of this guidance by offering prohibited individual premium reimbursement arrangements to employees may trigger penalties. Under Code Section 4980D, an employer could be fined an excise tax of $100 per day for each applicable employee ($36,500 per year per employee).

The information contained in this newsletter is not intended as legal advice. Please consult a professional for more detailed analysis and specific information.

Self-Insurance Update: PCORI Fee Amount Adjusted for 2014

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) imposes a fee on health insurance issuers and self-insured plan sponsors in order to fund comparative effectiveness research. These fees are widely known as Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute fees (PCORI fees).

On Sept. 18, 2014, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published Notice 2014-56, which provides the adjusted PCORI fee amount for plan years ending on or after Oct. 1, 2014, and before Oct. 1, 2015 (that is, 2014 for calendar year plans). For plan years ending on or after Oct. 1, 2014, and before Oct. 1, 2015, the PCORI fee amount is $2.08 multiplied by the average number of lives covered under the plan.

In the future, the IRS will publish the adjusted PCORI fee amount for plan years ending on or after Oct. 1, 2015, and before Oct. 1, 2019.

Overview of PCORI Fees

The PCORI fees apply for plan years ending on or after Oct. 1, 2012, but do not apply for plan years ending on or after Oct. 1, 2019. For calendar year plans, the fees will be effective for the 2012 through 2018 plan years.

Issuers and plan sponsors must pay PCORI fees annually on IRS Form 720 by July 31 of each year. The fee will generally cover plan years that end during the preceding calendar year.

PCORI Fee Amounts

The PCORI fees are calculated by multiplying an applicable rate for each tax year by the average number of lives covered under the plan. The applicable rate for each tax year is as follows:

  • $1 for plan years ending before Oct. 1, 2013 (that is, 2012 for calendar year plans); and
  • $2 for plan years ending on or after Oct. 1, 2013, and before Oct. 1, 2014.

For plan years ending on or after Oct. 1, 2014, the PCORI fee amount will increase based on increases in the projected per capita amount of National Health Expenditures.

Under Notice 2014-56, for plan years ending on or after Oct. 1, 2014, and before Oct. 1, 2015, the adjusted PCORI fee amount is $2.08 multiplied by the average number of lives covered under the plan. This amount was calculated based on the percentage increase in the projected per capita amount of the National Health Expenditures published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services on Sept. 3, 2014 (Table 3).

As always, call us today for a full analysis of your employee benefit structure and options!

Open Enrollment Checklist From CIBC of Illinois, Inc.

To prepare for open enrollment, health plan sponsors should become familiar with the legal changes affecting the design of their plans for the 2015 plan year. These changes are primarily due to the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Employers should review their plan documents to confirm that they include these required changes.

In addition, any changes to a health plan’s benefits for the 2015 plan year should be communicated to plan participants. Health plan sponsors should also confirm that their open enrollment materials contain certain required participant notices, such as the summary of benefits and coverage (SBC).

There are also some participant notices that must be provided annually or upon initial enrollment. To minimize cost and streamline administration, employers should consider including these notices in their open enrollment materials.

 

Grandfathered Plan Status

A grandfathered plan is one that was in existence when the ACA was enacted on March 23, 2010. If you make certain changes to your plan that go beyond permitted guidelines, your plan is no longer grandfathered. Contact CIBC of Illinois, Inc. if you have questions about changes you have made, or are considering making, to your plan.

  • If you have a grandfathered plan, determine whether it will maintain its grandfathered status for the 2015 plan year. Grandfathered plans are exempt from some of the ACA’s requirements. A grandfathered plan’s status will affect its compliance obligations from year to year.
  • If your plan will lose grandfathered status for 2015, confirm that the plan has all of the additional patient rights and benefits required by the ACA. This includes, for example, coverage of preventive care without cost-sharing requirements.

Cost-sharing Limits

Effective for plan years beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2014, non-grandfathered health plans are subject to limits on cost-sharing for essential health benefits (EHB). As enacted, the ACA included an overall annual limit (or an out-of-pocket maximum) for all health plans and an annual deductible limit for small insured health plans. On April 1, 2014, the ACA’s annual deductible limit was repealed. This repeal is effective as of the date that the ACA was enacted, back on March 23, 2010.

The out-of-pocket maximum, however, continues to apply to all non-grandfathered group health plans, including self-insured health plans and insured plans. Effective for plan years beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2015, a health plan’s out-of-pocket maximum for EHB may not exceed $6,600 for self-only coverage and $13,200 for family coverage.

  • Review your plan’s out-of-pocket maximum to make sure it complies with the ACA’s limits for the 2015 plan year ($6,600 for self-only coverage and $13,200 for family coverage).
  • If you have a health savings account (HSA)-compatible high deductible health plan (HDHP), keep in mind that your plan’s out-of-pocket maximum must be lower than the ACA’s limit. For 2015, the out-of-pocket maximum limit for HDHPs is $6,450 for self-only coverage and $12,900 for family coverage.
  • If your plan uses multiple service providers to administer benefits, confirm that the plan will coordinate all claims for EHB across the plan’s service providers, or will divide the out-of-pocket maximum across the categories of benefits, with a combined limit that does not exceed the maximum for 2015.
  • Be aware that the ACA’s annual deductible limit no longer applies to small insured health plans.

Health FSA Contributions

Effective for plan years beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2013, an employee’s annual pre-tax salary reduction contributions to a health flexible spending account (FSA) must be limited to $2,500. On Oct. 31, 2013, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) announced that the health FSA limit remained unchanged at $2,500 for 2014. However, the $2,500 limit is expected to be adjusted for cost-of-living increases for later years. The IRS is expected to release the health FSA limit for 2015 later this year.

  • Work with your advisors to monitor IRS guidance on the health FSA limit for 2015.
  • Once the 2015 limit is announced by the IRS, confirm that your health FSA will not allow employees to make pre-tax contributions in excess of that amount for 2015. Also, communicate the 2015 health FSA limit to employees as part of the open enrollment process.

Transition Policy for Small Group Health Plans

Some non-grandfathered health plans in the small group market were allowed to renew for 2014 without adopting all of the ACA’s market reforms under a temporary transition policy adopted by the Obama Administration. The transition policy was originally a one-year reprieve from certain ACA market reforms; however, it was later extended for two more years, to policy years beginning on or before Oct. 1, 2016.

The transition relief is not available to all small group health plans. It only applies to small businesses with coverage that was in effect on Oct. 1, 2013. Also, because the insurance market is primarily regulated at the state level, state governors or insurance commissioners must allow for the transition relief. In addition, health insurance issuers are not required to follow the transition relief and renew plans.

Even if transition relief was available for a small group plan in 2014, it may not be available in 2015 and later years due to insurance market regulations or issuer decisions. If the transition relief no longer applies to your small group plan, confirm that your plan includes the following ACA market reforms for 2015:

  • Pre-existing Condition ExclusionsThe ACA prohibits health plans from imposing pre-existing condition exclusions (PCEs) on any enrollees. (PCEs for enrollees under 19 years of age were eliminated by the ACA for plan years beginning on or after Sept. 23, 2010).
  • Coverage for Clinical Trial ParticipantsNon-grandfathered health plans cannot terminate coverage because an individual chooses to participate in a clinical trial for cancer or other life-threatening diseases or deny coverage for routine care that would otherwise be provided just because an individual is enrolled in a clinical trial.
    • Comprehensive Benefits PackageInsured plans in the individual and small group market must cover each of the essential benefits categories listed under the ACA. Each state has a specific benchmark plan for determining the essential health benefits for insurance coverage in that state.

Employer Penalty Rules

Under the ACA’s employer penalty rules, applicable large employers (ALEs) that do not offer health coverage to their full-time employees (and dependent children) that is affordable and provides minimum value will be subject to penalties if any full-time employee receives a government subsidy for health coverage through an Exchange. The ACA sections that contain the employer penalty requirements are known as the “employer shared responsibility” provisions or “pay or play” rules. These rules were set to take effect on Jan. 1, 2014, but the IRS delayed the employer penalty provisions and related reporting requirements for one year, until Jan. 1, 2015.

On Feb. 10, 2014, the IRS released final regulations implementing the ACA’s employer shared responsibility rules. Among other provisions, the final regulations establish an additional one-year delay for medium-sized ALEs, include transition relief for non-calendar plans and clarify the methods for determining employees’ full-time status.

To prepare for the employer shared responsibility requirements, an employer should consider taking the following key steps:

  • Determine ALE status for 2015, including eligibility for the one-year delay for medium-sized ALEs;
  • For sponsors of non-calendar year plans, determine whether you qualify for the transition relief that allows you to delay complying with the pay or play rules until the start of your 2015 plan year;
  • Establish a system for identifying full-time employees (those working 30 or more hours per week);
  • Document plan eligibility rules; and
  • Test your health plan for affordability and minimum value.

HSA Limits for 2015

If you offer a high deductible health plan (HDHP) to your employees that is compatible with a health savings account (HSA), you should confirm that the HDHP’s minimum deductible and out-of-pocket maximum comply with the 2015 limits. Also, the 2015 increased HSA contribution limits should be communicated to participants. The following table contains the HDHP and HSA contribution limits for 2015.

HDHP Minimum Deductible Amount                                                                                                                             Individual                                                        $1,300

Family                                                              $2,600

 

            HDHP Maximum Out-of-Pocket Amount

Individual                                                         $6,450

Family                                                               $12,900

 

            HSA Maximum Contribution Amount

Individual                                                         $3,350

Family                                                               $6,650

           

            Catch-up Contributions (age 55 or older)   $1,000

 

  • Summary of Benefits and Coverage

The ACA requires health plans and health insurance issuers to provide a summary of benefits and coverage (SBC) to applicants and enrollees to help them understand their coverage and make coverage decisions. Plans and issuers must provide the SBC to participants and beneficiaries who enroll or re-enroll during an open enrollment period. The SBC also must be provided to participants and beneficiaries who enroll other than through an open enrollment period (including individuals who are newly eligible for coverage and special enrollees).

Federal agencies have issued a template for SBCs, which should be used for 2015 plan years. The template includes information on whether the plan provides minimum essential coverage and meets minimum value requirements. The SBC template (and sample completed SBC) are available on the Department of Labor (DOL) website.

In connection with your plan’s 2015 open enrollment period, the SBC should be included with the plan’s application materials. If plan coverage automatically renews for current participants, the SBC must generally be provided no later than 30 days before the beginning of the new plan year.

For self-funded plans, the plan administrator is responsible for providing the SBC. For insured plans, both the plan and the issuer are obligated to provide the SBC, although this obligation is satisfied for both parties if either one provides the SBC. Thus, if you have an insured plan, you should work with your health insurance issuer to determine which entity will assume responsibility for providing the SBCs. Please contact your CIBC of Illinois, Inc. representative for assistance.

  • Grandfathered Plan Notice

If you have a grandfathered plan, make sure to include information about the plan’s grandfathered status in plan materials describing the coverage under the plan, such as summary plan descriptions (SPDs) and open enrollment materials. Model language is available from the DOL.

  • Notice of Patient Protections

Under the ACA, non-grandfathered group health plans and issuers that require designation of a participating primary care provider must permit each participant, beneficiary and enrollee to designate any available participating primary care provider (including a pediatrician for children). Also, plans and issuers that provide obstetrical/gynecological care and require a designation of a participating primary care provider may not require preauthorization or referral for obstetrical/gynecological care.

If a non-grandfathered plan requires participants to designate a participating primary care provider, the plan or issuer must provide a notice of these patient protections whenever the SPD or similar description of benefits is provided to a participant, such as open enrollment materials. If your plan is subject to this notice requirement, you should confirm that it is included in the plan’s open enrollment materials. Model language is available from the DOL.

 

Group health plan sponsors should consider including the following enrollment and annual notices with the plan’s open enrollment materials.

  • Initial COBRA Notice

Plan administrators must provide an initial COBRA notice to participants and certain dependents within 90 days after plan coverage begins. The initial COBRA notice may be incorporated into the plan’s SPD. A model initial COBRA Notice is available from the DOL.

  • Notice of HIPAA Special Enrollment Rights

At or prior to the time of enrollment, a group health plan must provide each eligible employee with a notice of his or her special enrollment rights under HIPAA.

  • Annual CHIPRA Notice

Group health plans covering residents in a state that provides a premium subsidy to low-income children and their families to help pay for employer-sponsored coverage must send an annual notice about the available assistance to all employees residing in that state. The DOL has provided a model notice.

  • WHCRA Notice

Plans and issuers must provide notice of participants’ rights under the Women’s Health and Cancer Rights Act (WHCRA) at the time of enrollment and on an annual basis. Model language for this disclosure is available on the DOL’s website in the compliance assistance guide.

  • Medicare Part D Notices

Group health plan sponsors must provide a notice of creditable or non-creditable prescription drug coverage to Medicare Part D eligible individuals who are covered by, or who apply for, prescription drug coverage under the health plan. This creditable coverage notice alerts the individuals as to whether or not their prescription drug coverage is at least as good as the Medicare Part D coverage. The notice generally must be provided at various times, including when an individual enrolls in the plan and each year before Oct. 15 (when the Medicare annual open enrollment period begins). Model notices are available at www.cms.gov/creditablecoverage.

  • Michelle’s Law Notice

Group health plans that condition dependent eligibility on a child’s full-time student status must provide a notice of the requirements of Michelle’s Law in any materials describing a requirement for certifying student status for plan coverage. Under Michelle’s Law, a plan cannot terminate a child’s coverage for loss of full-time student status if the change in status is due to a medically necessary leave of absence.

  • HIPAA Opt-out for Self-funded, Non-federal Governmental Plans

Sponsors of self-funded, non-federal governmental plans may opt out of certain federal mandates, such as the mental health parity requirements and the WHCRA coverage requirements. Under an opt-out election, the plan must provide a notice to enrollees regarding the election. The notice must be provided annually and at the time of enrollment. Model language for this notice is available for sponsors to use.

This Legislative Brief is not intended to be exhaustive nor should any discussion or opinions be construed as legal advice. Readers should contact legal counsel for legal advice.

 

Self-Funding Your Benefit Plans: Take Advantage of Probability

Importance of claims analysis

In today’s business climate, managers need benefits solutions as resourceful and cutting-edge as the organizations they run. For many employers, pre-packaged full insurance health plans do not provide the greatest value to meet their organizations’ needs. Employers of all sizes are looking to mold their plans around the requirements of their businesses.

There are many reasons employers might eschew a traditional plan system. Small and mid-sized employers might want to avoid risk charges and state premium taxes. Large employers may want administer their benefits plans themselves and grow their cash flow by holding their reserves in an interest-bearing account. Multi-state employers might want to free themselves from the burden of complying with the insurance regulations of multiple states. Employers of young, healthy workforces may be looking to capitalize on their advantages by saving on health insurance.

Because each business is unique and requires its own set of insurance solutions, diversity in provided benefits plans is needed. For many employers it may be far more beneficial to pursue self-funding as a benefits solution.

Self-funding Advantages

A self-funded group health plan is one in which the employer eliminates obligations to a health plan provider by assuming the financial risk for providing health care benefits directly to its employees. While experienced, successful business managers are experts at mitigating risks, many will gladly take on risk exposure if the probability is good for a high payout. There are numerous well-documented advantages to self-funding for employers that manage risk well; including:

  • Reduced insurance overhead costs. Carriers assess a risk charge for insured policies (approximately 2 percent annually), but self-insurance removes this charge.
  • Reduced state premium taxes. Self-insured programs, unlike insured policies, are not subject to state premium taxes. The premium tax savings is about 2 to 3 percent of the premium dollar value.
  • Avoidance of state-mandated benefits. Self-insured plans are exempt from state insurance laws, subject only to ERISA compliance.
  • Choosing benefits services à la carte
  • Flexibility in plan designs, administration and offered services
  • Customizable stop-loss insurance to reduce the risk associated with high claims
  • Improved cash flow. Self-insured employers do not have to pre-pay for coverage, and claims are paid as they become due.
  • Additional cash flow if reserves are held in an interest-bearing account

Complete Customization

One of the greatest assets offered by self-funding is the complete freedom to structure benefits according to needs of your company. Employers can choose what benefits they want to offer, while opting to insure individual benefits through traditional means or forgo offering them altogether.

The following benefits may be self-insured:

  • Health care (indemnity, PPO, POS and HMO)
  • Dental
  • Short-term disability
  • Prescription drugs
  • Vision care

Employers can also make the final call on important variables, such as:

  • Eligibility
  • Exclusions
  • Cost-sharing
  • Policy limits
  • Retiree benefits

Employers are also free to administer benefits themselves if they have the resources, or to retain a third-party administrator at a fraction of the cost of a traditional benefits provider.

Most advantageous to employers worried about the potential for large claims is the ability to acquire stopgap insurance, allowing managers to determine their total amount of yearly costs with 100 percent certainty.

CIBC of Illinois, Inc. welcomes the opportunity to help your organization examine its plan designs and make recommendations for improvement.

Rules “Clarification” of Benefit and Payment Parameters for 2015

On March 5, 2014, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released its 2015 Notice of Benefit and Payment Parameters Final Rule. The final rule describes payment parameters applicable to the 2015 benefit year and standards relating to the:

  • Premium stabilization programs;
  • Open enrollment period for 2015; and
  • Annual limitations on cost-sharing.

Among other provisions, the final rule also implements patient safety standards for qualified health plans (QHPs) offered in the Exchanges and includes standards related to the employee choice and premium aggregation provisions in federally-facilitated Small Business Health Options Programs (SHOPs).

Reinsurance Program

Beginning in 2014, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires a three-year transitional reinsurance program to be established in each state. This program is intended to help stabilize premiums for coverage in the individual market during the first three years of Exchange operation (2014 through 2016) when individuals with higher-cost medical needs gain insurance coverage. This program will impose a fee on health insurance issuers and self-insured group health plans.

The final rule modifies the definition of “contributing entity” for the 2015 and 2016 benefit years to exempt certain self-insured, self-administered group health plans from the reinsurance contribution requirement.

The final rule implements a two-installment contribution schedule for the reinsurance fees.  For example, the $63 per capita reinsurance contribution for the 2014 benefit year will be collected in two installments: $52.50 in January 2015 and $10.50 late in the fourth quarter of 2015. The final rule also refines the definition of “major medical coverage” to prevent more than one payment per enrollee.

In addition, the rule finalizes the annual reinsurance contribution rate of $44 per enrollee for 2015.

Open Enrollment Period for 2015

The rule finalizes the Exchange’s annual open enrollment period for the 2015 benefit year, which will begin on Nov. 15, 2014, and extend through Feb. 15, 2015.  According to HHS, this schedule gives issuers additional time before they need to set their 2015 rates and submit their QHP applications, gives states and HHS more time to prepare for open enrollment, and gives consumers until Feb. 15, 2015, to shop for coverage.  The rule does not change the schedule for the Exchange’s initial open enrollment period, which began on Oct. 1, 2013, and goes until March 31, 2014.

Annual Limitations on Cost-sharing

Effective for plan years beginning on or after Jan. 1, 2014, the ACA requires certain non-grandfathered health plans to comply with cost-sharing limits with respect to their coverage of essential health benefits. The cost-sharing limits include both an overall annual limit, or an out-of-pocket maximum, and an annual deductible limit.

The ACA requires that these limits be updated annually based on the percent increase in average premiums per person for health insurance coverage. The final rule establishes the cost-sharing limits for 2015, which are lower than the limits HHS originally proposed.  For 2015:

  • The annual deductible for a health plan in the small group market may not exceed $2,050 for self-only coverage and $4,100 for family coverage; and
  • The annual out-of-pocket maximum for all health plans is $6,600 for self-only coverage and $13,200 for family coverage.

 As always, call us at 877-936-3580 to see how these rules apply to you and your business.

Source: Department of Health and Human Services

Pay or Play for Educational Institutions: There WILL Be a Test!

By Andrew Wheeler

Director of eCommerce

 www.CIBCinc.com

When I was growing up, I remember many of my teachers saying that there was five hours of prep time for every hour spent in the classroom teaching. At the time, I couldn’t have cared less, especially when adjunct professors would try and use this equation to motivate us to prepare for class more effectively. It was a calculation that I made in my head; me plus preparation equaled no 25 cent drafts at the Village Green. Hence my 20 year gap between when I started college and when I finished my Masters.

Now, I have many clients in the world of education. That old axiom, especially since the Affordable Care Act became law, rings loud and clear. Educational organizations have a distinct and separate set of hoops to jump through, and only careful preparation and calculation will help administrators negotiate around the pitfalls.  The same shared responsibility mandate apples for these institutions, whether they are self or fully insured. The difference lies in how they quantify and qualify full time employees.

Every Hour Counts

 

First, let’s look at how to calculate the hours of employees of educational institutions with relation to their full time or part time status. Remember, all employees over 30 hours per week, or 130 hours per month are considered full time.OfficeProfessor

Until final guidance is issued, employers must use a reasonable method for crediting hours of service. The IRS says that a method of crediting hours would not be reasonable if it took into account only classroom or other instruction time and not other hours that are necessary to perform the employee’s duties, such as class preparation time.  Clear as mud, right?  Basically, office hours count toward full time status, as do any other prep time.

Looking Forward Back

There is also something called a look-back period that will be used for this industry segment, as well as other segments. For ongoing employees, an employer looks at each employee’s full-time status by looking back at a measurement period lasting between 3 to 12 consecutive calendar months, as chosen by the employer, to decide whether the employee averaged at least 30 hours of service per week during this time.  If the employee was employed for at least 30 hours of service per week during the measurement period, he or she is considered a full-time employee for a set period into the future, known as the stability period. The stability period must be at least six calendar months and no shorter in duration than the measurement period.

Employers may need some time between the measurement and stability periods to figure out which employees are eligible for coverage….and also to notify and enroll employees. Hence, employers may use a 90 day administrative period between the measurement and stability periods.

An employer will not be subject to a tax /penalty for not offering coverage to new full-time employees during the first three calendar months of employment, so probationary periods for new employees still are legal under ACA. If the employer uses a look-back period for its ongoing employees, the employer may also use a similar method for new variable hour or seasonal employees.

Leaves and Breaks

When looking at breaks in the academic year that are paid leave periods, the employer must credit employees with hours of service. The proposed regulations include special averaging methodologies for employment break periods of employees of educational organizations. The proposed regulations state that an employment break period is a period of at least four consecutive weeks during which an employee is not credited with an hour of service. Special unpaid leave, which does not apply in this scenario, includes leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) and jury duty. 

The proposed regulations assess that the educational organization must apply one of the following methods to employment break periods related to or arising out of non-working weeks or months under the academic calendar. An educational organization either:

  • Treats employees as credited with hours of service for the employment break period at a rate equal  to the average weekly rate at which the  employee was credited with hours of service during the  weeks in the measurement period that are not part of an  employment break period; or,
  • Averages hours of service per week for the employee during the measurement period excluding the  employment break period and uses that average as the average for the entire measurement period.

We have found this is difficult for institutions of higher learning to manage. They have a stable of adjunct professors that will surely see credit-hour class assignments reduced in order to mitigate the financial exposure to ACA. Considering the nature of most labor agreements, it becomes problematic for institutions to be able to afford the increase in benefits allocation. When push comes to shove, it seems that the educator is getting shoved into a more limited class schedule. Again, this is a generalization…but it is not an uncommon scenario. We look at each scenario on its own merit, we do our homework, and then we present our findings. We know that there will be a test, and educational intuitions don’t have the resources to fail. That’s where we come in.

 To get more information on CIBC of Illinois, visit us at www.CIBCINC.Com or call toll free 877-936-3580.

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